A detailed description of Simu5G is given in the following papers. If you use Simu5G for your research, a citation to our work would be sincerely appreciated.

  1. G. Nardini, D. Sabella, G. Stea, P. Thakkar, A. Virdis “Simu5G – An OMNeT++ library for end-to-end performance evaluation of 5G networks”, IEEE Access (2020), DOI: 10.1109/ACCESS.2020.3028550

  2. G. Nardini, G. Stea, A. Virdis, D. Sabella, “Simu5G: a system-level simulator for 5G networks”, Best Paper Award at SIMULTECH 2020, online conference, July 2020

Other functionalities of Simu5G are described in the following papers:

  1. G. Nardini, A. Noferi, P. Ducange, G. Stea, “Exploiting Simu5G for Generating Datasets for Training and Testing AI Models for 5G/6G Network Applications”, Elsevier SoftwareX, Volume 21, February 2023, 101320, DOI:

  2. A. Noferi, G. Nardini, G. Stea, A. Virdis, “Rapid prototyping and performance evaluation of ETSI MEC-based applications”, Elsevier Simulation Modelling Practice and Theory, Vol. 123, February 2023, 102700, DOI: 10.1016/j.simpat.2022.102700

  3. G. Nardini, G. Stea, A. Virdis, “Scalable Real-time Emulation of 5G Networks with Simu5G””, IEEE Access, vol. 9, pp. 148504-148520, 2021. doi: 10.1109/ACCESS.2021.3123873.

  4. G. Nardini, G. Stea, A. Virdis, D. Sabella, P. Thakkar, “Using Simu5G as a Real-time Network Emulator to Test MEC Apps in an End-To-End 5G Testbed”, PiMRC 2020, London, UK, 1-3 September 2020

You may also want to check the following papers on SimuLTE, the predecessor of Simu5G.

  1. A. Virdis, G. Stea, G. Nardini, “Simulating LTE/LTE-Advanced Networks with SimuLTE”, DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-26470-7_5, in: M.S. Obaidat, J. Kacprzyk, T. Ören, J. Filipe, (eds.) “Simulation and Modeling Methodologies, Technologies and Applications”, Volume 402 of the series Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, pp. 83-105, Springer, ISBN 978-3-319-26469-1, 15 January 2016

  2. G. Nardini, A. Virdis, G. Stea, “Modeling network-controlled device-to-device communications in SimuLTE”, MDPI Sensors, 18(10), 3551, 2018

  3. G. Nardini, A. Virdis, G. Stea, “Modeling X2 backhauling for LTE-Advanced and assessing its effect on CoMP Coordinated Scheduling”, IWSLS2 2016, Vienna, July 1st, 2016

  4. A. Virdis, G. Nardini, G. Stea, “Modeling unicast device-to-device communications with SimuLTE”, IWSLS2 2016, Vienna, July 1st, 2016

  5. G. Nardini, A. Virdis, G. Stea, “Simulating device-to-device communications in OMNeT++ with SimuLTE: scenarios and configurations”, OMNeT++ Community Summit 2016, Brno, CZ, September 15-16, 2016

Related Publications

(list in continuous updating)

Simu5G has been used as a performance evaluation tool in recent research works. Here is a (partial) list of the papers which include modeling and simulations performed with Simu5G. If you have been working with Simu5G and you wish to appear in this list, please contact us.

  1. J.L. Corcuera Barcena, P. Ducange, F. Marcelloni, G. Nardini, A. Renda, F. Ruffini, A. Schiavo, G. Stea, A. Virdis, “`”Enabling Federated Learning of Explainable AI Models within Beyond-5G/6G Networks” <>`__”, Elsevier Computer Communications, vol. 210, pp. 356-375, October 2023. DOI:

  2. D. Sabella, D. Micheli, G. Nardini, “`”The power of data: how traffic demand and data analytics are driving network evolution toward 6G systems” <>`__”, Journal of Sensor and Actuator Networks, 12(4), 49, DOI: 10.3390/jsan12040049

  3. G. Nardini, A. Noferi, G. Stea, “`”Platooning-as-a-Service in a Multi-operator ETSI MEC Environment” <>`__”, IEEE Access, vol. 11, pp. 60040-60058, June 2023. DOI: 10.1109/ACCESS.2023.3286023

  4. A. Renda, P. Ducange, F. Marcelloni, D. Sabella, M. C. Filippou, G. Nardini, G. Stea, A. Virdis, D. Micheli, D. Rapone, L. Gomes Baltar, “`”Federated Learning of eXplainable AI models in 6G systems: Towards secure and automated vehicles networking” <>`__”, Information, 13(8), August 2022, DOI: 10.3390/info13080395

  5. J.L. Corcuera Bárcena, P. Ducange, F. Marcelloni, G. Nardini, A. Noferi, A. Renda, G. Stea, A. Virdis, “`”Towards Trustworthy AI for QoE prediction in B5G/6G Networks” <>`__”, First International Workshop on Artificial Intelligence in Beyond 5G and 6G Wireless Networks (AI6G 2022), Padua, IT, 18-23 July 2022

  6. G. Nardini, G. Stea, “`”Using network simulators as digital twins of 5G/B5G mobile networks” <>`__”, TwinNets 2022, Belfast, UK, 14-17 June 2022

  7. A. Virdis, G. Nardini, G. Stea, D. Sabella, “End-to-end performance evaluation of MEC deployments in 5G scenarios”, MDPI Journal of Sensor and Actuator Networks, 9(4), 57, 2020, DOI: 10.3390/jsan9040057